What is diabetes? Is it a serious condition? What can I do to stay healthy?
It is important to understand how diabetes can affect your body, whether you are newly diagnosed or have been living with diabetes for some time.Find Out more
Understanding food choices can be confusing.
The good news is that there is no such thing as a ‘diabetic diet’! A healthy diet for people with diabetes is the same as what’s healthy for the rest of the population.Find Out more
The positive effects from moving our bodies are endless!
Whether it’s taking the stairs instead of the lift, playing with the kids or walking the dog, making small changes to our daily routine can make a significant difference to how we feel.Find Out more
When you have diabetes it’s important to stay well.
By understanding how to manage your diabetes and having regular check-ups with your diabetes health care team, you can help prevent diabetes-related complications.Find Out more
You are the leader of your diabetes health care team.
Diabetes self-management does not mean doing it alone. Your diabetes health care team is there to support you.
You are the leader of the team and the most important member. You are not alone.
Your GP has a central role in overall assessment and diabetes management. Your GP may refer you to their PN to assist with your care planning or other diabetes management strategies. Visit your GP regularly to discuss any problems as soon as they arise.Find a GP
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health workers can support individuals and families in managing diabetes and connect you with other health professionals.Find a health worker
A diabetes educator will provide you with information to manage your diabetes. They can also help you develop action plans for the unexpected (e.g. low or high BGLs).Find a diabetes educator
A dentist assists with oral health and provides treatment.find a dentist
Your dietitian can provide you with individualised information about healthy eating.find a dietitian
An endocrinologist is a medical specialist who sees people with diabetes, especially those with type 1 diabetes, or those who are pregnant and have diabetes.find an endocrinologist
Your optometrist assesses eye health and prescribes your glasses.find an optometrist
An ophthalmologist is an eye specialist who can monitor any changes in your eyes and provide treatment.find an ophthalmologist
A pharmacist prepares and dispenses drugs and medicine. They can also give advice about your medicines.find an NDSS access point
A physiotherapist or exercise physiologist can give advice about exercise choices.find an exercise physiologist
A podiatrist will advise you on how to keep your feet healthy and treat foot problems.find a podiatrist
A psychiatrist is a medical specialist who can help people who have emotional and psychological problems.find a psychiatrist
A psychologist counsels people with emotional and psychological problems and can help you make lifestyle changes such as giving up smoking.find a psychologist
The Annual Cycle of Care is a checklist designed to assist you and your health team keep your diabetes care on track.
You, your health care team and your Annual Cycle of Care can help you reduce your risk of diabetes-related complications.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health workers can support individuals and families in manging diabetes and connect you with other health professionals.
The amount of carbohydrate refers to both the serving size and the carbohydrate content of the food.
The amount of glucose in the bloodstream. Can be measured with capillary (taken from a finger prick) or venous (pathology test) blood.
An abbreviation of blood glucose level, BGLs refers to the amount of glucose in the bloodstream.
Carbohydrates are one of the body's main energy sources. Carbohydrates are broken down in our digestive system into glucose. This glucose is then released into the bloodstream where it can travel around the body and be used for energy.
Includes high density liproprotein cholesterol (HDL) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL). It is ideal to have high HDL and low LDL as HDL helps prevent heart disease by moving fat to the liver to be processed, whereas LDL encourages fat to deposit in our arteries.
A diabetes educator will provide you with information to manage your diabetes. They can also help you develop action plans for the unexpected (e.g. low or high BGLs).
A dentist assists with oral health and provides treatment.
Your dietitian can provide you with individualised information about healthy eating.
The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is a blood test that is used to assess how well your kidneys are working.
An endocrinologist is a medical specialist who sees people with diabetes, especially those with type 1 diabetes, or those who are pregnant and have diabetes.
Your GP has a central role in overall assessment and management. Visit your GP regularly and discuss any problems as soon as they arise. Other members of your team, including specialists, will link in with your GP.
The glycaemic index (GI) is a way of describing how a carbohydrate containing food affects blood glucose levels.
Refers to a raised level of glucose in the blood.
Refers to a low level of glucose in the blood.
A measure of, on average, how much glucose has been in your blood stream over the previous 2-3 months. It is reported either as a percentage (%) or in mmol/mol.
High density liproprotein cholesterol (otherwise known as 'good' cholesterol) is the type of cholesterol carrier which takes fats from our bloodstream, to our liver for processing. It is ideal to have high levels of HDL cholesterol as this can help prevent heart disease.
Ketones are compounds produced by the body when fat is broken down for energy. Small amounts of ketones in the bloodstream are harmless. However, in large amounts they can be extremely dangerous.
Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (otherwise known as 'bad' cholesterol) is the type of cholesterol carrier which deposits fat in our arteries. High levels of this cholesterol can lead to blockages in the arteries and heart disease.
This urine test measures how much albumin (protein) is released through the kidneys which can indicate kidney damage.
Damage to the big blood vessels that can lead to peripheral vascular disease, heart attack and stroke.
Damage to the small blood vessels that can cause eye, kidney, feet and nerve problems.
Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are found in fish, avocados and nuts, as well as olive, sunflower, peanut and canola oil. These fats help to increase HDL cholesterol and decrease LDL cholesterol, which can decrease the risk of heart disease.
An ophthalmologist is an eye specialist who can monitor any changes in your eyes and provide treatment.
Your optometrist assesses eye health and prescribes your glasses.
Refers to nerve damage of the feet or hands.
Damage to the blood vessels in the legs and feet resulting in limited blood supply, pain and sensation changes.
A pharmacist prepares and dispenses drugs and medicine. They can also give you advice about your medicines.
A physiotherapist or exercise physiologist can give advice about exercise choices.
A podiatrist will advise you on how to keep your feet healthy and treat foot problems.
A psychiatrist is a medical specialist who can help people who have emotional and psychological problems.
A psychologist counsels people with emotional and psychological problems and can help you make lifestyle changes such as giving up smoking.
A social worker can provide counselling to individuals and families regarding personal and family problems.
Saturated fats are found in foods like processed and fatty meats, full fat milk products, butter, coconut and palm oils. It is recommended you limit saturated fat in your diet as it can increase LDL cholesterol levels, which may increase your risk of heart disease.
Trans fats are found in some processed biscuits and commercially-made bakery products. They act the same way as saturated fats in the body so it's recommended we minimise our intake of these fats.
The type of carbohydrate refers to the glycaemic index (GI) of the food. The glycaemic index (GI) is a way of describing how a carbohydrate food affects blood glucose levels.
A type of fat found in the blood that the body uses for fuel or stores away.
Food is broken down into glucose by your mouth, stomach and intestines.
When you have diabetes, your pancreas either cannot make insulin, or the insulin produced is not enough, does not work properly, or both.
Energy comes from the food we eat.
Your intestines help break food down into glucose. Glucose enters our bloodstream so it can be transported to the body's cells.
You need insulin to 'unlock' your body cells, allowing glucose into those cells so that it can be used for energy.
Less stress and better moods
Exercise can help you get a better night's sleep
Carrying the groceries from the car won't feel so tiring
Lower blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels
Get stronger bones
Feel steadier on your feet